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The Beach Triangle Residents Association, Toronto, Ontario

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Beach Triangle Residents Association: 25 Years of Service to the Neighbourhood

By John Ellis

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Formation of the Beach Triangle Residents Association

In 1984 Tom Jakobek wanted another weapon in his arsenal in tackling neighbourhood problems. Residents of the area bounded by Queen Street East, Kingston Road and Woodbine Avenue (known as the Triangle) were complaining about problems with Greenwood Race Track on the south side of Queen from Coxwell to Woodbine. The complaints included noise, litter, drunken horse players who urinated and vomited on people's lawns and gambled that they could get away with parking across driveways rather than pay to park. Another major community concern was about absentee landlords and irresponsible tenants.

As City Councillor for Ward 9 (today's Ward 32), Jakobek needed to marshal residents support if he was to succeed in getting City Council majority support for changes. He had called neighbourhood meetings and obtained some concessions from the Ontario Jockey Club (OJC), who ran the track operation, and from the city. The OJC would permit residents to use a designated area of the track parking lot to accommodate residents and their visitors. Some signs were adjusted to clearly define parking and no parking areas, and some new parking spots were created. An area just west of the main entrance to the track would be set aside for taxi cabs, to somewhat relieve traffic congestion on Queen.

Before amalgamation of the city and boroughs, each ward had a City Alderman and a Metro Councillor, the latter serving on the Metro Council. Tom enjoyed a good working relationship with his fellow Metro Councillor, Paul Christie.

But it wasn't enough. Tom noted residents' associations being formed and, in November, he called a community meeting where he found a ready audience. There was general consensus to form a Neighbourhood Association in order to protect the area from undesirable changes and provide residents with a stronger voice with governments. A follow-up meeting was planned.


On Wednesday, January 23, 1985, a meeting was held at Corpus Christi Church Pastoral Education Centre, at 16 Lockwood Road. Among those in attendance were several residents who were strong supporters of Tom Jakobek and others who were simply fed up with the degradation of the Triangle and city foot dragging on tackling the issues. It was at this meeting that the Beach Triangle Residents Association was formed.

No minutes have been found for BTRA meetings in 1985 but original board members have helped piece together the early history. The first board of directors included Sandra Jackson, President; David Windrim, Treasurer; Wolf Kutnahorsky; Beth Bailey; Patricia ("Pat") Erlendson (later "Pat Silver-Erlendson" and, later still, "Pat Silver"); Avril Jones; Layton Stewart; and Brendan Morrissey.

These eager volunteer directors were strongly supported by spouses: Ron Jackson, Dorothy Windrim, Francine Kutnahorsky, John Erlendson, Dave Bailey, Gwilym Jones, and June Stewart. (June Stewart was born in the house built for her parents on Lockwood Road in 1917, so she and Layton have had a lifetime vested in the Triangle. David Windrim and Layton Stewart continue to be active on the BTRA board to this day. Pat Silver, the Stewarts, the Morrisseys and the Baileys still live in the Triangle.)

By-laws of the Village of Shaughnessy and the Kew Beach Residents Association were reviewed and adapted for adoption at the Annual Meeting in 1986 as the first BTRA By-laws. The Statement of Purpose was to be as follows:

  1. To encourage good neighbourly relations and social exchange among residents.
  2. To work with the appropriate authorities to improve traffic and parking facilities for residents of the area.
  3. To work for the beautification of the area.
  4. To aid and consult with appropriate authorities in planning, zoning and development issues.
  5. To undertake any other activity to improve the quality of life in the area.

The Association was to be a non-partisan organization prohibited from supporting or opposing any candidate or party in any election but permitted to sponsor all-candidates meetings. Rules of Procedure were adopted for use at meetings.

According to Sandra Jackson, who now lives in Tillsonburg, the first big issue was off-street parking. "People were parking on their lawns – all over the place", she said, "The city put cement barriers on the street verges. Finally we got permit parking." She remembers that the BTRA had to raise money to take legal action against the race track, so a membership recruitment drive was carried out in 1986 or ‘87. Street Captains were appointed for every block. The lawyers who pleaded the BTRA case worked pro bono. The BTRA lost its case, despite most political figures supporting it, but the Beaches-Woodbine MPP, Marion Bryden, paid all costs. Sandra remembers great cooperation from Police Division 55.

Ron and Sandra Jackson lived on Lockwood at Dixon, were elders at Kew Beach United Church, and had four daughters (who went to school with Tom Jakobek). Ron and Sandra were featured on City TV News in 1986 and '87 regarding neighbourhood issues, but Sandra had begun to step back from active community work due to Ron having a brain tumour, resulting in his death in Tillsonburg in 1994.

Beth Bailey recalls the big issue being illegal rooming houses popping up, especially around the corners of Rainsford Road and Columbine Avenue, and Columbine and Woodbine. The absentee landlords didn't take care for their properties. Beth says that "What iced the cake for us to set up a residents association was, firstly, tenants who were kicked out of the rooming house on Rainsford – out onto the front lawn with their personal effects and toilet – which culminated in an altercation with a woman on Columbine. This attracted eight police cars. Secondly, there was a fully operational brothel at 1 Columbine." She continued, "When the rooming house issue was resolved, we moved on to the race track issues."

At a BTRA board meeting on May 29, Jakobek advised that he had negotiated provision of stickers for auto windshields to permit residential parking in the furthest portions of the race track parking lot, providing some relief for those who couldn't park on their residential streets. Towing of illegally parked vehicles was from one hour before to one hour after track post time, but there were limited tow trucks and police available. In the Triangle, parking on front lawns was becoming a problem; first, because it was illegal and, second, because such parking partially blocked permit parking on the street. The first annual Lawn Sale was scheduled for June 1st, to be advertised in the Toronto Star and by posters along Queen Street. A BTRA table would be located at the corner of Lockwood and Dixon, selling hot dogs and cold drinks. An information meeting to discuss affordable housing by-laws was called for June 24th, to include the two councilors and representatives from the Planning Department, Police, Public Works, Fire Department and Building Inspections. The next board meeting was called for June 19th at Tom Jakobek's office.

In May, 1985, The Jakobek Report included comment on the Interdepartmental Task Force on Affordable Housing, which recommended changes in the Zoning By-law, including removal of restrictions on the number and size of rooms in boarding and rooming houses, as well as the number of units per hectare. Jakobek stated that a number of neighbourhoods had already requested exemption from the by-laws, the changes would severely alter the character of our neighbourhood, and there was no assurance that the units created would actually be affordable.

At this time, Jakobek also alerted residents to a new threat, one that remains to this day. Two new apartment buildings were planned for Kingston Road and Main Street, areas that predominately contained single-family homes. Jakobek said, "For years the residents of Ward Nine have believed that the low-density zoning by-laws... protected them from high rises" and he pointed out the need for further controls.

In June, Jakobek advised residents that he had succeeded in meeting their request for four-way stop signs at Columbine and Rainsford.

A Toronto Star article on July 10th pretty well summed up the problems with the racetrack, pointing out that the residents didn't so much have a problem with the Jockey Club, who managed the track, as with their patrons. The possibility of violence was great, as the article points out, "A man turns mean after dropping $200 on potential dog food at the racetrack, finding out his illegally parked car has been towed away and realizing his wife will learn he wasn't working late when he asks her to bail him out at 1 a.m. So C.B. Byers, of Byers Towing and Storage, keeps ‘a little baseball bat' handy at the compound where he stores the evening's harvest of cars from the residential streets north of Greenwood Race Track".

The article quotes Sandra Jackson, president of the Beach Triangle Residents Association, "They park their car, run like hell into the racetrack and run like hell out. While waiting for a street car, they turn their backs, pee in the bushes and come toward you doing up their fly. They pee in the shelter in the wintertime." The influx of race fans five days a week compounded an already serious shortage of parking space. Inconsiderate drivers parked on lawns, in and across driveways, and in laneways. A track employee was quoted as saying, "A few years ago, the priest at Corpus Christie Church was called on an emergency sick call and couldn't leave because of a car parked in his driveway".

To combat illegal parking, the city had reduced the parking time limit for those without permits to one hour from three. This decision set the stage for a reversal spearheaded by neighbourhood residents in 2009, long after the track and related parking problem was gone.

In May, 1985, The Jakobek Report included comment on the Interdepartmental Task Force on Affordable Housing, which recommended changes in the Zoning By-law, including removal of restrictions on the number and size of rooms in boarding and rooming houses, as well as the number of units per hectare. Jakobek stated that a number of neighbourhoods had already requested exemption from the by-laws, the changes would severely alter the character of our neighbourhood, and there was no assurance that the units created would affordable.

At this time, Jakobek also alerted residents to a new threat, one that remains to this day. Two new apartment buildings were planned for Kingston Road and Main Street, areas that predominately contained single-family homes. Jakobek said, "For years the residents of Ward Nine have believed that the low-density zoning by-laws... protected them from high rises" and he pointed out the need for further controls.

A flyer/survey to attract more resident support was distributed "to create an effective non-political organization within the neighbourhood to deal with the issues of concern to the residents and to foster a strong community spirit". The survey sought support for the association's position on racetrack issues and on conversions of houses to rooming houses.

On July 18 1985, City Council passed an interim control by-law to prohibit the use of boarding or lodging houses, and converted dwellings and lodging houses within the Triangle.

In October, Board member Gwilym Jones reported to BTRA President Sandra Jackson regarding concern about homes being converted to rooming houses and that many residents were incensed over the situation on Rainsford Road. There was support for Jakobek's motion to declare a moratorium on the city's Affordable Housing By-law to January 1986, until a Planning Department study could be completed.

There were two issues:

The BTRA representatives met with Jakobek, local police, and the Chief Buildings Commissioner to provide a list of properties to be investigated and were told that resident letters would help. However, it didn't look like much progress was being made.

Concerns were:

A neighbourhood meeting was held on November 11 at 42 Columbine Avenue, with 22 people present (mainly residents of Columbine and Rainsford north of Columbine). Tom Jakobek reported that the holding by-law was being re-worded to plug obvious loopholes and probably would be extended in this revised form for 6-12 months. The intent was to curtail licensing any more rooming houses and constrain conversions. He recommended that more complaint letters be written to the Chief Building Commissioner regarding the nine existing offending properties. The immediate neighbours volunteered to write the letters, coordinated by Gwilym Jones. Jakobek indicated that area public meetings would be held sometime after the New Year regarding the holding by-law.

An elderly, long-time resident of Rainsford Road advised that her property had been damaged by recent illegal renovations and Jakobek offered to arrange legal assistance and to take personal action.

The first and perhaps only newsletter produced in 1985 outlined accomplishments so far, including the added stop signs on Rainsford at Columbine, the successful Lawn Sale, Information Night with city officials, meeting with racetrack officials to ease parking problems, passage of an interim by-law to stop licensing of new or converted rooming houses until January 1986 (with hope to have it extended), and establishment of Neighbourhood Watch on some streets. Twenty-one street reps were listed.

The BTRA was quick to realize that part of its work was to bring residents together in a social setting. On Friday, November 22, a Fall Wine & Cheese Dance was held at Corpus Christie church, promising "Good Music, Good Prices, Good Food and a Good Time!"


On January 17 1986, Council extended the time during which the interim control by-law governing boarding and lodging houses would be in effect to January 16 1987, and voted to prohibit the erection of converted dwelling houses.

A Public Meeting was held on May 26th with both aldermen and representatives from City Hall in attendance. Serious concerns were expressed about the changing nature of the neighbourhood. A Citizen's Advisory Committee ("Working Committee") was established to study and make recommendations about future development in the Triangle.

The 1st Annual Meeting was held Thursday, June 12, at the Mennonite church, to approve a Constitution and Bylaws, and elect the 1986-1987 Executive: Layton Stewart President, David Windrim First Vice-President, Wendy Tinkler Treasurer, Beth Bailey Secretary, and Sandra Jackson as Past President. Directors chosen as Committee Chairpersons were Wolf Kutnahorsky, Martha Berry, Anne Decleir, John Wallace, Pat Ehrlendson, and Joanne Sulman. Much of this information was derived from a clipping from the Ward Nine News under the by-line of Pat Silver Erlendson, the first of many media relations efforts by Pat over the next several years.

Two dramatic leaflets with good typography, produced by Tom Jakobek's office, were distributed door-to-door. The first, entitled "What's Happening to Our Neighbourhood!" contained equally dramatic sub-headlines (e.g., "Are We Being Exploited!", "We sure are... but should we stand idly by while it's happening?", and "Get Involved"). The leaflet states that Alderman Jakobek identified at least five rooming houses, six tri- or four-plexes, and four duplexes illegally converted since the Interim Control By-law was passed on July 19 1985. A Citizen's Advisory Committee had been established and "This group is just the spearhead of the organization that is needed to defeat those whose sole interest is to make a profit..."

The second leaflet, very similar in appearance, and probably distributed in the fall, had the title "Never in the Triangle You Say?" and sub-headlines (e.g., "Welcome to Our Late Great Neighbourhood", "It's Time to Take a Stand", "They Think They Have Us Beat", and "Get Involved"). This leaflet contained an article from the Toronto Sun including, "Charges have been laid against a 20-year-old man, for pimping and assault." The man, "of Columbine Avenue... has been charged with living off the avails of prostitution. He is also charged with choking, two counts of assault with a weapon, assault causing bodily harm and assaulting police." A second article from the Toronto Star, Wednesday, July 30, refers to a "Rainsford Road teen" who had "sexually attacked boys since he was 13" being jailed for two years less a day".

The leaflet continued with a call to action, noting that "Approximately 20 police investigations and charges have involved tenants residing at... 1 Columbine Avenue and 93 Rainsford Road. Both are operating as rooming houses and both, as well as several other properties in the Triangle, are owned and operated by David and Angela Balfour of 364 Woodbine Avenue. 93 Rainsford is the only licensed rooming house in the Triangle."

On September 18th the BTRA Working Committee met with planners to present and discuss their findings, including three recommendations:

  1. Amendment of the Zoning By-law to exclude from the list of permitted uses boarding, lodging and converted dwelling houses in the Beach Triangle, effective as of July 19 1985 (the date on which the Interim Control By-law came into effect).
  2. That any conversions within the Triangle from existing usage as of July 19 1985 be required to provide one new on-site parking space for every new dwelling unit or room created, as well as landscaped space.
  3. That there be provision of substantial, meaningful financial penalties as "a truly effective deterrent to those who flaunt the law and abuse the system".

On October 7th, Planning Committee staff held a public meeting to discuss the Triangle resident's issues, with the following significant reports:

  1. Parking continues to be a major problem, compounded by the presence and operation of the Greenwood Race Track.
  2. Increasing numbers of conversions within the limited area of the Triangle have a negative impact on the neighbourhood, although conversions aren't necessarily bad.
  3. Illegal and new conversions may follow, unless there is some significant control before the expiry of the Interim Control By-law.
  4. The average size of housing in the Triangle is larger than elsewhere in the Ward and, probably, the City average (i.e., existing houses permit easy conversion).

An article in Ward Nine News reported that the Planning and Development Department held a meeting on October 9th attended by 95 Triangle residents. David Balfour, P. Eng., presented an extensive analysis of the area and the issues, concluding with the following recommendations for amendment of the Zoning By-law as it applies to the Triangle:

  1. The average of floor areas of dwelling units in any building being altered, converted or used as a converted dwelling and lodging house must not be less than 65 square metres; and,
  2. The minimum number of parking spaces for a converted house must not be less than one space for the first two dwelling units, plus one space for each dwelling unit in excess of the first two units.

The Working Committee, represented by Chairperson David Windrim, presented three proposals:

  1. Clamp down on development of rooming houses,
  2. Provision of one parking space for one parking space for each new dwelling unit, and,
  3. Financial penalties for those who abuse the system.

Although all but six area residents voted in favour of the recommendations, the Planning and Development Committee maintained that the Beach Triangle is no different than other areas and that the recommended zoning changes weren't justified. Windrim stated that "It was clear that they [the planners] had spent little or no time evaluating our community's problems". People were livid... some got up and left the meeting".

On October 22nd, the City Land Use Committee met regarding residents' concerns about boarding or lodging houses, and recommended a limit on average floor areas to a minimum of 65m2 and requirement for one parking space for each added unit. (It is interesting to note that these steps were exactly as recommended on October 9th by David Balfour, P.ENG., based on an extensive analysis of the Triangle he carried out. This is the same David Balfour who was, in the leaflet distributed earlier, singled out as a main contributor to the problem! He and his wife, Angela, also became BTRA street reps on Woodbine.) Handwritten notes on the Land Use Committee report point out that the parking spaces must meet City of Toronto Parking Standards and must meet property standards, including 30% of the lot being green space.

In November, the BTRA appealed to residents to attend the Land Use Committee meeting on December 3rd (later postponed to December 17th) to speak on the issue, and to write Beaches-Woodbine MPP, Marion Bryden, to ensure her NDP colleagues on City Council supported the BTRA on this issue.

In other BTRA business, the 1st Annual Meeting was held Thursday, June 12, at the Mennonite church, to approve a Constitution and Bylaws, and elect the 1986-1987 Executive. Layton Stewart was chosen as President, David Windrim as First Vice-President, Wendy Tinkler as Treasurer, Beth Bailey as Secretary, and Sandra Jackson as Past President. Directors chosen as Committee Chairpersons were Wolf Kutnahorsky, Martha Berry, Anne Decleir, John Wallace, Pat Ehrlendson, and Joanne Sulman. Much of this information was derived from a clipping from the Ward Nine News under the by-line of Pat Silver Erlendson, the first of many media relations efforts by Pat over the next several years.

Turning to the need for socializing and fund raising, the Annual Community Lawn & Garage Sale was held on Saturday May 31st, with ads in Ward Nine News and Toronto Star, and flyers and posters around the Triangle. A donation of 10% of sales was requested to help offset BTRA costs. A Spring Dance was held on May 16th at Corpus Christie church, featuring "Cash Bar, Cheese & Crackers, Coffee", with a admission price of only two dollars. A Hallowe'en Dance on Saturday November 1st was a "tremendous success", with about 130 in attendance, most wearing costumes. Christmas caroling was planned for December.

A September 23rd article in Ward Nine News, "Triangle Residents are ready to battle Sunday Horesracing", raised a new alarm. BTRA board member and Chairperson of the Parking Committee, Joanne Sulman, wrote of Tom Jakobek being quoted in the Toronto Star as saying that the Ontario Jockey Club has "done wonders to bridge traditional conflict" with residents. She gives him credit for helping residents get organized as the BTRA to pressure the OJC to eventually begin to bow to pressure and then reprimands him for "doing a great disservice with his comment", because the OJC reacted "not because they wanted to be a good neighbour but because they recognized that a resident's association has political clout and cannot be easily ignored". Sulman cited work by David Windrim in sending messages to all area politicians, several Ontario cabinet ministers, the OJC and the Ontario Racing Commission ("ORC") . Windrim conveyed the ratepayers' strong opposition to Sunday racing stating, "Such an extension would make the situation totally unbearable" and "added congestion would make traffic and parking problems unbearable".

On October 3rd, the Toronto Star stated that the OJC said it needed Sunday racing at Greenwood to "perk up sagging attendance at the East End track". "The bomb has fallen", Layton Stewart, BTRA President was quoted as saying, continuing with "Sunday racing would be very unfortunate" and pointing out that "I can't have visitors without asking my neighbours if they have any parking spots. Sunday was the only day we weren't tormented". Ward 9 Alderman, Paul Christie, described community opposition as "virtually unanimous".

Sunday racing had never been held at this track since it was opened in 1875 but OJC President Jason Kenney was quoted as saying, "Greenwood is fighting like hell for survival". Sunday racing had been introduced to Metro Toronto in 1968 at the new Woodbine track after the Lord's Day Act was amended. At that time, the OJC president sent a letter to the Metro Chairman stating that Greenwood would not operate on Sundays if a bylaw was passed that would allow Woodbine to be open on those days. The bylaw was passed but the Lord's Day Act was struck down in a Supreme Court decision in 1985. Then, with the bylaw also gone, the OJC regarded the former commitment to have been in response to the laws of the time and now the gloves were off. The OJC was asking the ORC to hear its application on October 14, with Sunday racing to commence as early as November 2nd.

The Globe and Mail reported on October 15th that the ORC had, the day before, faced a jurisdictional issue as to whether it has the right to take into account the concerns of the Toronto Beaches-area residents when deciding the Sunday racing issue. Marion Bryden, Beaches-Woodbine MPP, made a presentation in which she stated that, "There is a conflict of interest because the commission represents the horse-racing industry. The question should be considered by an independent inquiry", and added, "Activities at the racetrack affect the whole traffic pattern in the area, and extra policing is needed". She was also unimpressed with the commission's facilities for the meeting since the main hearing room could accommodate only about 40 people, limiting each of the groups represented to four people.

The October 15th Toronto Sun described the ORC as being "up against a formidable opponent in Bryden, who has the support of councillor Tom Jakobek and alderman Paul Christie, plus the Beaches [sic] Residents' Association". Bryden was armed with a petition signed by 540 opponents to Sunday racing. The Toronto Star article the same day noted that the Beaches residents find themselves allied with owners of the Orangeville racetrack who were arguing that Sunday racing shouldn't be permitted because of competitive pressure on their track. The Orangeville track lawyer was appealing a decision by the Ontario Supreme Court that bias in the ORC was unproven.

On October 16th, the Toronto Star reported that ORC Chairman, Frank Drea, ruled that the commission had no jurisdiction to concern itself with citizens' complaints regarding parking and traffic in the area of Greenwood track. However, he offered residents the opportunity to be heard at the commission's hearing that evening. Layton Stewart, BTRA President, responded that the BTRA would boycott the meeting, continuing with "They told us point blank today that whatever hearings they have, it will not change their ideas or plans".

The November newsletter featured coverage of the Sunday racing issue, pointing out that, in October, the ORC had announced Sunday racing at Greenwood during November and December, and provisionally for 1987. In response, a new body was formed by BTRA members Pat Erlendson, Sandra Jackson and Joanne Sulman. E-Race ("Eradicate Racing At City's Eastend") was building a fund to fight the proposed Sunday racing.

Lawyer Ian Gould had been retained to pursue a Judicial Review at the Ontario Supreme Court to overrule the decision of the ORC to ignore the community's concerns over additional parking, noise, traffic congestion and litter that would ensue. Triangle residents were asked to write to the president of the Ontario Jockey Club ("OJC"), asking them to withdraw their Sunday racing application, and to the Honourable Monte Kwinter at Queen's Park asking for amendment of the Racing Act to respect community concerns, and to mayor Art Eggleton and members of City Council, thanking them for their support. Councillors Tom Jakobek and Paul Christie, and MPP Marion Bryden were already strongly supportive.

A public E-Race meeting November 26th at the Beach Hebrew Institute resulted in 30 enthusiastic citizens spearheading four committees: Lobbying, Public Relations, Fundraising, and Petitions. An OJC meeting was to be held on December 3rd at 10 Wellesley Street East, to decide 1987 Sunday racing dates. All Triangle residents were encouraged to attend.


In the spring 2010, the BTRA board assisted a neighbourhood residents' group in setting up a poll of Triangle residents to see if there was readiness to replace the one-hour parking limit for non-permit holders with the three-hour limit in place almost everywhere else. The residents' group, led by Lynn Wilson and Laura Inward, organized ten canvassers to visit every residence at least once. The survey form was left at homes where no one was at home with an invitation to return it to the canvasser's address.

The discussion posed in the survey was that the one-hour limit was brought in almost 15 years earlier to try to deal with the abusive parking practices of Greenwood Race track users and, now that the track has been removed, the Triangle should move to a parking policy that wouldn't punish people visiting the Triangle with parking tickets and, possibly, towing at great expense.

As a sign that the influences of the race track that motivated so much of the BTRA activity, the results of the poll were an overwhelming vote of 93 percent in favour of moving to the three-hour limit. This result included owners and renters, those with on-site parking and those with permits. Councillor Sandra Bussin obtained Community Council support for the change.

However, there were Triangle residents who were strongly opposed to the change due to a possible impact on competition for permit parking spaces, especially in the blocks adjacent to Queen Street shopping. The BTRA board was content that no position had been taken for or against the proposal but had limited its effort to trying to ensure that the poll was comprehensive and fair, and to permit communication about the poll in the Triangle Topics newsletter. Regarding the question of parking pressure near Queen, the city moved quickly to install parking scrip dispensers in the areas on side streets from the alley to Queen – the visiting shoppers wouldn't get convenient free parking after all.

In 2009, the Beach Triangle Residents Association again had a busy year. The association:

It's fair to say that the association had been busy! The reasons the BTRA continues to be effective, where other organizations have struggled, bears examination:

  1. Defining issues: First, it was the serious negative impact of the racetrack, then concerns about the Greenwood Teletheatre, and issues of absentee landlords and irresponsible tenants that caused residents to band together. Today, it is increasingly about the environment, and protecting and enhancing our neighbourhood.
  2. Core Veterans: People who "know the ropes" and care enough to continue to volunteer and share their expertise and wealth of knowledge.
  3. New blood: People with new skills and enthusiasm offer fresh and expanded perspective.
  4. A sense of community: The Triangle Topics newsletter, with neighbourhood business support, Triangle history reports and coverage of executive activity is a major community-relations builder. The Web Site has attracted attention from residents who prefer to "surf the net". Finally, for twenty years there was the Lawn Sale and then the community-relations building power of the FunFest activity day for the kids in 2008 and 2009 and, finally, a return to a neighbourhood evening event, the Valentines ‘Love Thy Neighbour' party and dance successfully held in February 2010.